Specialisation: Legalizing Marijuanas

Legalization of Marijuana

In recent years, there has been a growing movement to legalize marijuana for medicinal and recreational use. Proponents of legalization argue that marijuana has numerous benefits, including its ability to reduce pain, anxiety, and depression and its potential as an alternative to traditional medicine. Furthermore, proponents argue that marijuana is less harmful than other substances, such as alcohol and tobacco, and that its legalization would reduce the harm caused by black market drug trafficking and drug-related crime. On the other hand, opponents of legalization argue that marijuana is a dangerous drug that can lead to addiction, impaired cognitive functioning, and a range of other negative health effects. However, despite these claims, a growing body of evidence suggests that the harms associated with marijuana use are greatly exaggerated and that its benefits as medicine are underutilized. In light of these arguments, it is vital to provide a clear definition of marijuana and argue for its legalization based on its benefits to individuals, communities, and society and the lack of evidence for its harmful effects.

Marijuana, also known as cannabis, is a plant that contains over 100 chemical compounds, the most well-known being delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the chemical responsible for the plant’s psychoactive effects, which include increased heart rate, altered perception of time and space, and altered mood. In addition to its psychoactive effects, marijuana has been found to have numerous medical benefits. Research has shown that marijuana can help to reduce chronic pain, nausea, and vomiting caused by certain medical conditions, such as cancer and AIDS (NIDA). Additionally, it is an effective treatment for certain mental health conditions, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety.

One of the main arguments in favor of legalizing marijuana is its potential medical benefits. Research has shown that marijuana can treat various medical conditions, including chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy. By legalizing marijuana, patients would have access to a safe and effective treatment currently unavailable. Marijuana has been used for centuries as a natural medicine, but it was not until recently that the medical community began to look closely at its potential benefits (Pacula et al.). The active ingredient in marijuana, known as THC, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-seizure properties. It has made it an attractive option for those suffering from chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy (Dills et al. 8). One of the key benefits of using marijuana for medical purposes is its low toxicity. Unlike many prescription medications, it is very difficult to overdose on marijuana and much less likely to cause serious side effects. It is especially important for those who have chronic conditions that require long-term treatment.

Secondly, legalizing marijuana can help to generate significant tax revenue for the government. By regulating and taxing the sale of marijuana, the government could generate significant revenue that could be used to fund important public services and programs. In states where marijuana is already legal, the tax revenue generated from the sale of marijuana has been used to fund important initiatives such as substance abuse education and rehabilitation programs, mental health services, and affordable housing programs (Dills et al. 10). These initiatives have had a positive impact on the communities in which they are implemented, making them safer and more livable places to live. In addition to the benefits of tax revenue, legalizing marijuana also has the potential to reduce government spending on enforcement.

Thirdly, legalizing marijuana would reduce the crime and violence associated with the illegal drug trade. The illegal drug trade is a major source of crime and violence in many communities. Criminal organizations that often resort to violence and intimidation to protect their interests control the production, distribution, and sale of illegal drugs. It has led to high crime and violence in many communities, putting innocent people at risk. By legalizing marijuana, the government could control the drug’s production and distribution, reducing the need for illegal drug trafficking (Dills et al. 9). This would eliminate the criminal organizations that control the illegal drug trade and the associated violence and crime.

Moreover, the legalization of marijuana could also positively impact the criminal justice system. The enforcement of marijuana laws has disproportionately impacted communities of color, leading to high levels of incarceration and a burden on the criminal justice system (Todd 116). By legalizing marijuana, the government could reduce the number of individuals incarcerated for non-violent drug offenses, freeing up resources that could be used to address more serious crimes.

Opponents of marijuana legalization argue that it would increase the level of drug use among young people and increase drug-related crimes. However, there is little evidence to support these claims. Studies have shown that the legalization of marijuana has not led to an increase in drug use among young people in states where it has been legalized (Dills et al. 4). However, research has shown that there is no correlation between the legalization of marijuana and an increase in drug-related crimes. In states where marijuana has been legalized, there has been a decrease in overall crime rates.

In conclusion, the legalization of marijuana would provide a range of benefits, including the potential for medical use, the generation of tax revenue, and the reduction of crime and violence associated with the illegal drug trade. By clarifying the definition of marijuana and its potential benefits, we can better understand the arguments that favor its legalization and make a more informed decision on the issue.

Works Cited

Dills, Angela K., et al. “The effect of state marijuana legalizations: 2021 update.” Cato Institute, Policy Analysis 908 (2021)

Kreit, A. “Marijuana Legalization.” Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law | Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, 2022, law.asu.edu/sites/default/files/pdf/academy_for_justice/7_Reforming-Criminal-Justice_Vol_1_Marijuana-Legalization.pdf

NIDA. “What is marijuana.” National Institute on Drug Abuse, 13 Apr. 2021, https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/what-marijuana

Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, and Rosanna Smart. “Medical Marijuana and Marijuana Legalization.” Annual review of clinical psychology vol. 13 (2017): 397-419. doi:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045128

Todd, Tamar. “The benefits of marijuana legalization and regulation.” Berkeley J. Crim. L. 23 2018: 99–116.

Legalization of Marijuana

Many people have criticized the decision of most states for petty reasons. This is because marijuana has a lot of benefits, individually and the entire globe at large. After its legalization in Colorado, the state has seen its importance beginning in the employment sector as so many new jobs are created. Many states followed suit and have experienced tremendous benefits. For the longest time, marijuana has been compared to alcohol, and lies have been spread that marijuana is more harmful than alcohol. This has been disputed with facts. The sale and use of marijuana should be legalized, as its critics only provide terrible reasons to oppose it.

Legalizing and taxing Cannabis can increase a country’s revenue, as depicted by the booming of its use. In the states that have legalized the recreational use of marijuana, more than $3 Billion in revenue was collected in the year 2021 (Eliot). In the previous year, the revenue collected from the ten states that had legalized it was $2.7 Billion. This shows that consumption has increased, and thus the revenue will increase significantly. As more states look forward to legalizing its recreational use, the revenue collected will be significant to the country.

Some of these taxes can go to other sectors, such as education. Colorado voters in the year 2012 approved the use for adults 21 years old and above (Marijuana Tax Revenue and Education). A portion of the revenue collected was proposed to go through education. Even though it is not much compared to the total budget for education, the money is put to good use by constructing and improving the education sector. According to the Colorado Department of Education statistics, the tax revenue allocated to the department is effectively used to improve the facilities in the schools. There have also been projections of the global sales of Cannabis to reach $57 Billion in 2026. This is according to a cannabis market research firm based in Colorado. Despite the challenges that face the market, such as inflation, there are still projections of sales of up to $42 Billion in 2016 in the United States alone. Many states want to legalize it, and according to BDSA, the new markets will be the key sales driver until the projected year, 2026. Based on this information, it is only to legalize its use globally.

Comparing marijuana and other drugs, it is much safer, as asserted by scientists based on an article by NBC: “No High Risk: Marijuana May be Less Harmful Than Alcohol, Tobacco.” In the past, the harmfulness of marijuana was overestimated and exaggerated. According to new research, it has been established that other drugs like tobacco and alcohol are more harmful than Cannabis. Moreso, experts say that there has never been any documented death by overdose of marijuana in someone that had no underlying condition. People use marijuana and alcohol the same way, that is, for recreational purposes.

Others also use Cannabis for its medicinal benefits, such as relieving pain and getting some rest or sleep. Comparing the health-related costs, alcohol consumers use eight times more the cost of marijuana consumers. This is because of the health problems caused by alcohol use. There has never been a case of brain cells being killed by marijuana. However, many studies have shown that the consumption of alcohol damages brain cells. Marijuana has been found to have neuroprotective properties that will protect the brain cells. In terms of behavior by the consumers, alcohol ones are more violent than those that use marijuana (Leland). This violent behavior will cause domestic violence and sexual assaults. Alcohol has been highlighted as the major chemical commonly used in crimes and sexual assaults. Researchers compared it to tobacco use, as most marijuana users induce it by smoking. Again here, the most harmful substance is tobacco. This is the case because of the heavy use of tobacco. Among the participants in the study, some will use 10 to 20 cigarettes a day or more (Leland). Marijuana users will use it twice or thrice a month, thus causing less lung damage. Cigarettes are a major cause of lung cancer, obstructive pulmonary disease, and respiratory symptoms. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the U.S., it accounts for 443,00 deaths.

In terms of employment, the industry would create more job opportunities. There have been more employment opportunities in states that have legalized and created recreational cannabis dispensaries. In the counties that had them in Colorado, there was a decrease in the unemployment rate. This was driven by a 4.5% increase in employment rather than a reduction in labor force participation (Herrington). The study has shown that there are more benefits in the counties with dispensaries than in the counties without open dispensaries. The report by Leafly states that if marijuana can be legalized countrywide, the number of jobs that would be supported countrywide would be 1.77 million. Currently, the industry supports equivalent full-time jobs of 428,059 in number. The rate at which the number of jobs increased is one to marvel at because, in the year 2021, there was a 33% increase. Since the adult-use of cannabis stores opened, hundreds of thousands of jobs have been created. In the President’s pardon of all federal offenses, simple marijuana possession, it is clear how the states that make the use of marijuana illegal cause unemployment (Kevin). This is because of the many employment companies that have regulations for not hiring people with records. Biden also stated that their barriers to other opportunities like education and housing. The President has said clearly that many states should follow suit and legalize the use to rewrite the wrongs made by convicting black and brown people discriminately.

Looking and the criminal justice system, it would make the environment much safer if it were legalized. Most people in the United States have accepted that the substance should be legal. Therefore, if the criminal justice system is to enforce laws that the public disagrees with, it will harm its credibility. This will hinder its mandate to control and reduce crime in the country. Cost-wise, arresting small possession of marijuana is expensive, both monetary and human-wise. It is very costly to arrest and convicts a person. Study shows that it costs around $30,000-$35,000 per year to accommodate an inmate. This is a lot of money because only recreational marijuana users are arrested while the notorious drug dealers roam free. To these law-abiding recreational users of the substance, it hurts them in many ways as the students will lose federal support in education. At the same time, those working will end up being unemployed. The war on drugs is a war on marijuana, as others would say, but statistically, the arrests made for serious crimes have reduced while marijuana possession arrests have increased. This should not be the case; as I stated earlier, it is evident that marijuana use is not the major cause of crime and violence.

Amid all these, there is a loss of trust in the criminal justice system. The arrests made by the police are very discriminated against. It was found that black and Hispanic people are arrested and frisked more in New York (Cody). This portrays a bad picture of the law enforcers and the justice system. The negative picture of the police will make it harder for them to solve other crimes. They do not typically solve the crimes by themselves as they rely on the public to provide additional information about the crime they are investigating. When people don’t provide such information, it becomes very difficult for them to solve crimes and do their jobs effectively. Legalizing this substance will let them focus on more serious crimes and reduce the negatives of unjust arrests and prosecutions.

Critics have stated that it would be hard to control the use of Cannabis. This is, however, disputable as there are many regulations that are there and others that will help improve the quality and strength of marijuana that is available commercially. There are statutes, regulations, and ordinances in different states. One example of good regulations is in California (“California’s cannabis laws). Some states clearly state that people under 21 years are prohibited from getting Cannabis. The amount of cannabis one can carry at one particular time is also followed. For those using the substance for medicinal purposes, there are requirements. In the regulations, rules are stated and adhered to run a business. This is then followed by the enforcement actions that are taken when you do not follow in the running of the business. Following these rules ensure that the product is not misused and is of quality.

In conclusion, it is fair to say that marijuana should be legalized. Many people that object to its legalization do not have enough proof that it has many negatives. Starting from the medicinal value it has, for the brain, to recreation use, it will help people in many ways. The criminal system would have an easier time dealing with other serious crimes if the substance were legalized. They would get cooperation from the general public.

Work Cited

Elliot Ramos. Recreational marijuana sales showered states with cash in 2021, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/recreational-marijuana-sales-showered-states-cash-2021-n1287861.

“Marijuana Tax Revenue and Education.” https://www.cde.state.co.us/communications/2021marijuanarevenue

Iris Dorbian. Global Cannabis Sales to Skyrocket To $57 Billion In 2026, Says Top Market Research Firm, https://www.forbes.com/sites/irisdorbian/2022/09/13/global-cannabis-sales-to-skyrocket-to-57-billion-in-2026-says-new-report/?sh=fe2d3057b073

“No High Risk: Marijuana May be Less Harmful Than Alcohol, Tobacco” https://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/legal-pot/marijuana-safer-alcohol-tobacco-study-shows-n312876

“Marijuana Is Safer Than Alcohol: It’s Time To Treat It That Way.” https://www.mpp.org/special/marijuana-is-safer/

Leland Kim. https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2012/01/98519/marijuana-shown-be-less-damaging-lungs-tobacco

“Recreational Cannabis legalization increases employment in counties with dispensaries.” https://news.unm.edu/news/recreational-cannabis-legalization-increases-employment-in-counties-with-dispensaries

A.J. Herrington. https://www.forbes.com/sites/ajherrington/2022/02/23/new-cannabis-jobs-report-reveals-marijuana-industrys-explosive-employment-growth/?sh=5d983cb923f2Source

Kevin Liptak. https://www.cnn.com/2022/10/06/politics/marijuana-decriminalization-white-house-joe-biden

Cody Jorgensen. https://www.boisestate.edu/bluereview/how-marijuana-legalization-would-benefit-the-criminal-justice-system/#:~:text=Recent%20research%20has%20shown%20that,avenue%20of%20raising%2

Jahan Marcu. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7605018/

“California’s cannabis laws.” https://cannabis.ca.gov/cannabis-laws/laws-and-regulations/#:~:text=California%20became%20the%20first%20state,Businesses%20operate

Legalization of Marijuana


While marijuana became legal in all states and territories for adults 18 and older, it made Canada the second country to authorize recreational drug use. However, most notably, the Cannabis Act had many purposes. The production and sale of edible marijuana, marijuana extracts, and marijuana titles became legal in Canada under the Cannabis Act by provincial and local retailers. Cannabis dealers are licensed for medical purposes, but there is a need to ensure that the downside of legalization: More potheads, by Margaret Wente (2018) arguments are essential to note. While there are some fundamental gains from marijuana use, there is a need to take an active role in understanding what impact marijuana has and how to navigate them.

The downside of legalizing marijuana

The downside of legalizing marijuana by Margaret Wente (2018) offers some basic understanding of the impacts of marijuana use from a practical perspective. There are indications that marijuana use has increased, and cases of marijuana-related crime among young people are very positive. There is no doubt that marijuana is a harmful substance, and legalizing marijuana normalizes it, increasing the user base and adversely affecting humans. I tend to understand the position of those opposing legalizing marijuana comes from. According to a criminal expert, legalization has been a significant factor in reducing the crime rate for marijuana cases. The legal benefits of cannabis are not shared equally, as the industry is white, unlike men.

According to the Cannabis Act, there are three main objectives for public health: keeping marijuana out of the hands of young people, keeping profits out of the pockets of criminals, and protecting public health and safety by allowing adults to obtain legal marijuana (“Cannabis Legalization and Regulation”, 2022). The benefits and adversities promoted by the use of marijuana stem from the hype generated by the media. Each province and region has compliance with additional regulatory requirements, including property restrictions, private investment, public use, and increasing the minimum user age. The act’s consideration of essential factors is commendable, but it must ensure that they are adequately implemented in practice.

The market and industry players are essential stakeholders to consider drug use’s adverse effects. Wente (2018) outlines that marijuana is presently viewed as an opportunity for profitability as the cannabis market in Canada is enormous, with a significant percentage of those benefiting from the sales of marijuana being business people. It is essential to explore this angle in the debate as they are stakeholders with considerable impact on policy development. The value of legalization in terms of impact on the business prospect is quite convincing and might have a more significant impact on the approach taken by the government (“Cannabis Legalization and Regulation”, 2022). Legalizing marijuana benefits is critical to everyone involved but needs to be reviewed often to navigate negative impacts.


The use of marijuana has some recorded benefits, which are considered against a need to take an active role in understanding its negative impact and how to navigate them. The detrimental aspect of drug use is an important consideration that needs to be adequately explored. While Wente spoke about how the view of pot had changed because it was introduced to have medical properties, there is a long-term impact of drug use that is significant in the discussion that often gets underplayed. The claims were made that the use of marijuana could treat cancer is a possible bait that the media, through business people, would have used to tilt the discussion since these claims impacted the demand for marijuana increased.


Cannabis Legalization and Regulation. Justice.gc.ca. (2022). Retrieved 9 April 2022, from https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/cj-jp/cannabis/.

WENTE, M. (2018). The downside of legalization: More potheads. The globe and mail. Retrieved 9 April 2022, from https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/article-the-downside-of-legalization-more-potheads/.