Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is a severe mental disorder that may affect mothers after childbirth. Approximately 10-15% of new mothers are affected by this condition (Slomian et al., 2019). Postpartum depression makes it difficult for women to take care of themselves and their newborns, and it is associated with emotions of despair, worry, and hopelessness. Hormonal shifts, genetics, and environmental factors are all suspected contributors to postpartum depression. Due to a lack of education and knowledge, many women do not get the help they need. This essay will argue that a combination of medication and counseling is the most effective treatment for postpartum depression by presenting evidence from different sources, acknowledging other perspectives, and proposing a compromise or solution.

Research has revealed that various factors, including genetics, hormones, and the environment, all have a role in the onset of postpartum depression. Women with a history of depression in their families are more likely to have postpartum depression (Brown & VanArsdale, 2019). Decreased estrogen and progesterone levels, which occur throughout pregnancy and after delivery, have also been associated with the onset of postpartum depression (Kroska & Stowe, 2020). Finally, Mughal et al. (2022) note that postpartum depression risk factors include environmental variables such as stress, isolation, and financial hardships.

While it is true that postpartum depression has no one cause, it is evident that genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors all have a role in its onset and development. Therefore, a treatment plan that considers all of these aspects is essential. Counseling may provide emotional support, help identify and cope with stresses, and give techniques for enhancing social support. Counseling, such as cognitive-behavioral or interpersonal therapy, can help new mothers identify and cope with stressors, improve their emotional regulation skills, and enhance social support. At the same time, medication like antidepressants can assist in easing depression symptoms and boosting mood.

The primary justification for using medication to treat postpartum depression is that hormonal changes might cause it. After delivery, hormones such as estrogen and progesterone decline significantly, which may cause mood swings and sadness. Antidepressants may help balance these hormones and relieve postpartum depression symptoms. Brown & VanArsdale, (2019) note that women who take antidepressant medication have a considerably greater remission rate than those who have counseling or no therapy.

Hormones like estrogen and progesterone do decrease significantly after giving birth. These hormones may increase one’s susceptibility to developing postpartum depression. However, this does not provide a whole picture of the condition’s complexity since not all women who experience hormonal shifts develop postpartum depression. Additional research suggests a genetic component to postpartum depression. Other factors that may cause postpartum depression include stress and a lack of social support. Moreover, environmental factors might also potentially play a role in triggering the disease.

Some people feel that counseling is the most effective method for treating postpartum depression since it addresses the mother’s mental health, which gets to the core of the problem. With the aid of counseling, motherhood’s emotional and physical stresses may be reduced, and women may also get treatment for issues that are more fundamental to their well-being. According to Slomian et al. (2019), women who get counseling have a substantial drop in depression symptoms compared to women who did not obtain treatment.

While medicine and counseling each have advantages and disadvantages, combining the two may provide the most outstanding results. Counseling may address the emotional and psychological elements that contribute to the disease, while medication can assist in correcting hormone imbalances. According to Kroska & Stowe (2020), women who get both medication and counseling have the most excellent remission rate compared to those who have either medication or counseling alone.

A combination of medicine and psychotherapy may be more beneficial since they target distinct components of the disease. Medication may help decrease depressive symptoms such as sorrow, despair, and lack of energy, and counseling can assist in addressing the emotional and psychological reasons contributing to the disease. Such as controlling thoughts of guilt or self-doubt and dealing with stress.

It is crucial to note that not all women react to therapy similarly, and some women may discover that one treatment method is more beneficial for them. In addition, some women may choose non-pharmaceutical therapeutic choices, including exercise, yoga, or mindfulness techniques. Additionally, improvements in lifestyle, like getting adequate sleep, eating a good diet, and exercising regularly, might help decrease postpartum depression symptoms. Social support and isolation may significantly contribute to postpartum depression, so it is crucial to essential these issues.

Society needs to recognize and de-stigmatize postpartum depression as a legitimate condition. In actuality, postpartum depression is a common and curable disorder, but new moms often feel guilty or humiliated for feeling it. By improving knowledge and comprehension of postpartum depression, we can assist more moms in receiving the necessary care and treatment. Doing this will help not just the moms but their families and communities. Moreover, by addressing postpartum depression, we can break the stigmas and misconceptions surrounding this condition and empower new mothers to take control of their mental health. This will make more mothers feel comfortable seeking help, ultimately leading to more mothers receiving the care they need to heal and recover.

In addition, healthcare providers should train to recognize the symptoms of postpartum depression and to provide appropriate treatment options, including a combination of medication and counseling. Doing this will ensure that new mothers have access to the best possible care and have the best chance of recovery. Furthermore, insurance providers should also cover the cost of treatment for postpartum depression so that it is accessible to all new mothers, regardless of their financial situation.

In conclusion, postpartum depression is a severe condition that affects a significant number of new mothers. The reasons for postpartum depression remain unclear, but a combination of hormonal changes, genetics, and environmental factors plays a role. While medication and counseling are both effective treatments for postpartum depression, a combination can provide the best outcome. Therefore, healthcare professionals must consider a combination of medication and counseling when treating postpartum depression. This approach can help women to overcome the condition and provide them with the support they need to care for themselves and their babies.


Brown, M., & VanArsdale MSN, C. (2019). Postpartum Depression Interventions.

Kroska, E. B., & Stowe, Z. N. (2020). Postpartum depression: identification and treatment in the clinic setting. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics, 47(3), 409-419.

Mughal, S., Azhar, Y., & Siddiqui, W. (2022). Postpartum depression. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing.

Slomian, J., Honvo, G., Emonts, P., Reginster, J. Y., & Bruyère, O. (2019). Consequences of maternal postpartum depression: A systematic review of maternal and infant outcomes. Women’s Health, 15, 1745506519844044.

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