Specialisation: Extroverts

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Extroverts and Introverts: Coping Mechanisms, Social Anxiety, and Mental Health

People in every region of the world have been significantly impacted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has brought about a great deal of change in our day-to-day lives, including adjustments to our jobs, social lives, and general routines. The pandemic has affected people with more outgoing personalities differently than people with more reserved personalities. This paper will discuss how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected extroverts and introverts, including their coping methods, social anxiety, mental illness, and other things. This paper aims to discuss how the pandemic has affected extroverts and introverts.

Extroverts are known to be social butterflies who thrive on social interactions and have a high need for stimulation. They have a high need for stimulation because of their high need for stimulation. Carvalho et al. (2020) say that the pandemic has made things harder for them because it has made it harder for them to interact with other people. Because of lockdowns and rules for social distance, extroverts have had to adjust to a new way of life, leading to several problems. On the other hand, introverts have not been forced to adapt to a new way of life. During the pandemic, being alone is one of the biggest problems extroverts have faced. For extroverts, being unable to participate in social activities has been a source of much stress. (Carvalho et al., 2020) found that many extroverts feel lonely, depressed, and anxious when they do not have enough chances to interact with others. Those who live alone or are separated from their families and friends have had a challenging time with this.

During this pandemic, extroverts have also experienced challenges at work. Workplaces encouraging teamwork and social interaction are great places for many outgoing people to do well. On the other hand, extroverts have needed to adapt to a new way of working because many businesses have been forced to have their employees work from home (Shokrkon & Nicoladis, 2021). This has been very hard for people working alone or in an environment with few chances to talk to others. Many outgoing people have had to learn new skills, like video conferencing tools and instant messaging platforms, to stay in touch with their coworkers virtually. According to Shokrkon and Nicoladis (2021), working from home, on the other hand, has allowed some extroverts to focus more on their work without distractions and interruptions from others. It has also given them more flexibility and control over their work schedule, which may benefit some people. However, the long-term impact of the pandemic on extroverted people and their work is unknown.

On the other hand, studies have shown that introverts do best in peaceful environments where they can be alone. They are more comfortable interacting in intimate or one-on-one settings and frequently feel overwhelmed when in social settings. Compared to extroverts, introverts have specifically suffered from the pandemic (McMaster, 2021).

Introverts have been able to benefit from the pandemic in one way by working from the comfort of their homes. Because of this, they can now work in an atmosphere that is more solitary and quieter, which is something that most introverts prefer (McMaster, 2021). Also, introverts say they feel less pressure to join social activities, which has made many people feel better.

On the other hand, introverts have been confronted with unique difficulties due to the pandemic. Kunkalikar (2022) says that anxiety in social situations has been one of the hardest things to overcome. Many introverts now experience more anxiety in social situations, especially around people they do not know. This is due to the pandemic’s fear and uncertainty. Because of this, it is hard for them to do things they need to do, like buy groceries and make doctor’s appointments (Kunkalikar, 2022).

Extroverts have also significantly declined their mental health due to the pandemic. As a result of the lack of social interactions and stimulation, many extroverts have reported feeling anxious, depressed, and stressed out (McMaster, 2021). Due to the lack of routine and structure in their lives, extroverts have also reported that it is not easy to manage their mental health. On the other hand, people who say they are introverts say they are less stressed and anxious because of the pandemic. However, the fear and uncertainty caused by the pandemic have caused some introverts, particularly those who already struggle with social anxiety, to experience increased levels of anxiety and depression.

On the other hand, people who say they are introverts say they are less stressed and anxious because of the pandemic. However, the pandemic has caused fear and uncertainty, making some introverts, especially those with social anxiety, feel more anxious and depressed (Carvalho et al., 2020). Even though introverts have less stress overall, some say that the increased expectations of virtual communication and remote work make them feel overwhelmed. Since video calls and online meetings are becoming more common, it is hard for introverts to balance their need for alone time with the pressures of maintaining social connections. (Carvalho et al., 2020) Also, introverts may have felt confused and uneasy because their daily routines and ways of life changed. On the other hand, some introverts have said that the pandemic has given them a chance to think about themselves and grow as people. Overall, the pandemic has affected introverts and extroverts in different ways. This shows how important it is to understand personality differences during a crisis.

In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected people of all kinds of personalities, both outgoing and quiet. The problem of social isolation and a lack of social interaction has been a problem for extroverts, while the problem of increased social anxiety has been a problem for introverts. On the other hand, the pandemic has presented opportunities for both groups to acquire new knowledge and develop their skills. While extroverts can pick up new skills like working from home, introverts can connect with others virtually. It is vital to realize that the pandemic will cause different problems for outgoing and shy people. It is just as essential to offer support and resources to help these people deal with these problems.

Also, it is essential to know that the pandemic affects both extroverts and introverts in ways beyond their mental health and into other parts of their lives. Work-life balance, for example, has become a major concern for both groups, with remote work blurring the lines between work and personal life. Also, the pandemic has caused a significant change in how people think about social interactions and relationships, affecting both extroverts and introverts for a long time to come. Policymakers and public health officials must consider people’s different needs and personalities when making policies and programs to lessen the effects of the pandemic on mental health and well-being.


Carvalho, L. de F., Pianowski, G., & Gonçalves, A. P. (2020). Personality differences and COVID-19: are extroversion and conscientiousness personality traits associated with engagement with containment measures? Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy42(2). https://doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2020-0029

Shokrkon, A., & Nicoladis, E. (2021). How personality traits of neuroticism and extroversion predict the effects of COVID-19 on the mental health of Canadians. PLOS ONE16(5), e0251097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251097

McMaster, G. (2021, August 31). Pandemic isolation is harder on introverts than extroverts, study suggests. Www.ualberta.ca. https://www.ualberta.ca/folio/2021/08/pandemic-isolation-harder-on-introverts-than-extroverts-study-suggests.html

Kunkalikar, B. (2022, May 30). Researchers investigate COVID-19 mortality among introverts and extroverts. News-Medical.net. https://www.news-medical.net/news/20220530/Researchers-investigate-COVID-19-mortality-among-introverts-and-extroverts.aspx