Specialisation: Critical Thinking

Enhancing Critical Thinking: A Personal Journey

Critical thinking is a complicated thought process that plays an essential role in rational decision-making. This paper then discusses the layered nature of critical thinking, drawing on weekly one and two conceptual ideas. Every aspect contributes to the layers of critical thinking, from the duality in thought processes through values acculturation as well as assumptions and personality determinants. The essay concludes with a look at the improved decision-making in my personal and student life that has been granted to me as a result of developing these skills. Peeling off each sub-layer of critical thinking provided a clear route to ongoing continuous improvement towards wiser decisions in daily dilemmas.

I Understand Dual Thinking Modes: Fast and slow thinking modеs have an еssеntial impact on how we use our decision-making processes (De Neys, 2023). In such situations and thе fast modе mostly dеpеnds upon intuition and gut fееlings. Howеvеr and thе slow modе is charactеrizеd by systеmatic thinking and rеflеction. I havе witnеssеd thе intеraction of thеsе modеs in various conditions. For еxamplе and in such timе critical situations, I rеliеd on fast thinking for quick decisions. Convеrsеly and whеn it camе to complicatеd issuеs and slow modе providеd thе possibility of a morе dеtailеd assеssmеnt.

Informеd Thinking and Valuеs Considеration: Informеd thinking is informеd by facts and еvidеncе and is еssеntial for robust critical thinking. Valuеs bring another dimеnsion to this process. Finally, one of thе challеngеs in dеcision making is finding whеn I was facеd with two jobs and onе alignеd to my carееr ambitions but which also involvеd rеlocation and another opportunity closеr homе providing stability. To conclude, thе balancеd valuеs of carееr growth and family closеnеss nееdеd critical dеlibеration to makе an informеd dеcision.

Identifying and Examining Assumptions: Recalling from a recent memory, prejudgments emerged in the team project where we popped an understanding about everyone being aware of goals on board. This led to misunderstandings and slowness. The examination of these assumptions could have improved clarity and led to shared accountability, potentially turning the project towards a positive outcome. Assumptions, generally implicit, shape outcomes.

Integrating Personality Test Insights: Thinking patterns are one of the most important parts of personality traits (Roberts, 2018). My critical thinking concepts are related to my personality test results. For instance, my analytical bias matches the mode of slow thinking that involves thorough analysis. Recognition of these relationships augments self-consciousness and improves the ability to detect potential biases or blind spots in decision-making. In using personality test insights, a layer is added to critical thinking.

Reflective Analysis: Beyond the boundaries of academia, critical thinking skills have vast importance not only for personal life but also for professional practice. The development of said skills leads to positive changes in problem-solving, communication, and connections with people (Rahim et al., 2018). Since my academic development is concerned, better critical thinking has led to improved researching and considered reflection on assignments and a more precise view within classes. The second is that it encourages an attitude which is receptive to different views and lifelong learning.

Finally, the dual thinking modes are interrelated with informed decision-making processes and mindset or assumptions, as well as personality traits. The reflective analysis describes how these ideas were used in my personal life and the importance of improved critical thinking skills that shaped both my academic and private lives. With that, I will continue refining these skills along the way for continuous improvement and development.


De Neys, W. (2023). Advancing theorizing about fast-and-slow thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences46, e111. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X2200142X

Rahim, A., Civelek, I., & Liang, F. H. (2018). A process model of social intelligence and problem-solving style for conflict management. International Journal of Conflict Management29(4), 487-499. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1108/IJCMA-06-2017-0055

Roberts, B. W. (2018). A revised sociogenomic model of personality traits. Journal of personality86(1), 23-35. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12323

Critical Thinking in Teams

Creative, critical-thinking teams create and make informed decisions. Creativity and innovation create new solutions, as critical thinking concludes evidence. Water shortages on a month-long island retreat need problem-solving, as in this case, we assess crucial, creative, divergent, and convergent thinking. Strategic problem-solving boosts creativity and critical thinking in various unexplored ways. The paper emphasizes avoiding decision-making thinking errors; also, the article stipulates that groupthink-prevention strategies facilitate team decision-making and problem-solving. The team solves difficulties and makes effective decisions using creativity and critical thinking.

Creative and Critical Thinking in Teams

Problem-solving involves creativity and analysis in teams. Creative teams experiment more—team innovation benefits from this talent. Critical thinking helps the team navigate the information maze by assessing facts and drawing conclusions. These skills must work together to solve problems; for instance, water shortages on remote islands necessitate imaginative solutions. However, critical thinking evaluates each proposal’s feasibility and efficacy for evidence-based conclusions. Creative and critical thinking help teams solve complicated problems with logic, ingenuity, and insight. Creativity and critical thinking foster innovation and caution.

Differentiating between Divergent and Convergent Thinking

Team problem-solving needs divergent and convergent thinking as the cognitive tapestry starts with divergent thoughts or several solutions. At first, invite the team to evaluate different ideas to encourage creativity and inquiry. The month-long island retreat takes creative thinking to overcome water restrictions. Water security options like rainwater and island water source investigation arise from brainstorming and open communication.

Convergent thinking optimizes solutions using numerous concepts. Find the most practical and effective solution. The island team uses convergent thinking after divergent thinking and offers several solutions. The optimum water scarcity solution is determined by evaluating each concept’s pros and cons. Divergent and convergent cognition, like a well-tuned orchestra, combine exploration and critical evaluation to give the team a complete and effective problem-solving strategy (Erceg et al., 2020). To innovate and make pragmatic judgments in challenging situations, teams must integrate divergent and convergent thinking.

Designing a Process Using Creative and Critical Thinking

Collaboration in creative-analytical processes can overcome water scarcity. Make team growth brainstorming fun. This program fosters innovation and develops remote island water security solutions. Team members may discuss water conservation, rainfall use, and island-wide water supplies. Free brainstorming fosters creativity by exchanging ideas.

After brainstorming, the team uses SWOT to evaluate each concept. I am assessing each idea’s advantages, cons, possibilities, and hazards. SWOT analysis assesses each idea’s viability and hazards, promoting convergence. This analytical method allows the team to evaluate each idea’s benefits and downsides to make decisions. Explaining each option’s pros and downsides helps the team shift from creative brainstorming to analytical and evaluation.

Team members can test a modest solution prototype. Iteratively testing new ideas helps the team determine their viability. Prototype testing reveals how well a solution will operate in the island retreat. The team can identify, adjust, and solve issues utilizing empirical evidence. This iterative process assures island-specific team decisions. Creative and analytical thinking work together for dynamic, iterative problem-solving. Innovation, SWOT analysis, and prototyping are team capabilities. This holistic approach informs team decisions with creativity and research.

Ways to Enhance Group Creativity

A multifaceted approach with multiple ways may assist challenged teams in being inventive. Communication sparks creativity. Team members can communicate freely, which encourages communication (Adams, 2020). Inclusivity boosts mental wellness and teamwork. Team members are encouraged to discuss ideas to broaden their viewpoints. Diverse teams innovate: Differentiated teams can learn new things. Diverse workforces foster innovation. Experienced team members offer distinct cooperation insights. Diversity inspires creativity and problem-solving, producing new and well-rounded solutions.

Encourage innovative teamwork since effective teamwork improves intelligence. Working with people with varied skills and viewpoints frequently sparks more creativity. Collaboration generates fresh ideas and solutions, and owning creative results fosters collaborative creativity and passion. Open communication, diversity, and collaboration boost team creativity; thus, these strategies foster creativity. Accessible communication, different perspectives, and teamwork inspire creative problem-solving and decision-making (Adams, 2020).

Ways to Enhance Critical Thinking in Groups

Teams need broad critical thinking to make intelligent judgments and solve problems. Encourage team members to rethink preconceptions. Examine ideas and challenge beliefs to develop critical thinking. This strategy encourages team members to research facts before judging ideas to avoid uncritical acceptance. Skepticism promotes inquiry in that statistics and proof emphasize believability, boosting critical thinking (Garcia-Carmona, 2023). Data beats prejudice in evidence-based decision-making. This method improves group critical thinking and fact-based decision-making. By encouraging team members to gather and analyze data before making decisions, it improves problem-solving.

Use formal decision-making frameworks. SWOT and cost-benefit analyses improve decision-making. These frameworks promote critical thinking by assessing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, risks, and costs and benefits. Structured strategies assist teams in making complex decisions by encouraging analytical, critical thinking.

Common Fallacies in Reasoning

Common decision-making faults can be fixed to improve collective reasoning. The Hasty Generalization error warns against inferring from biased or limited evidence. Teams should value the data above assumptions. The second fallacy, Ad Hominem, advises against attacking the speaker, not the argument. Organizations should emphasize ideas and arguments over personal attacks to promote thinking.

The third fallacy, False Dichotomy, warns against presenting a problem with two solutions when there are more. To avoid binary possibilities and analyze proposals, team members should explore several options. In the fourth mistake, Circular Reasoning, avoid repetition without evidence. Instead of circular arguments, teams should decide using data and reasoning.

The fifth and final fallacy, Appeal to Authority, advises against authoritative behavior without evidence. Teams should evaluate content on merit, not authority, to foster critical thinking. Fixing these faults enhances analytical rigor and logic, boosting team thinking and decision-making.

Avoiding Groupthink

Prevent groupthink, where conformity and consensus trump critical evaluation, to defend group decision-making. Start by encouraging Dissent, which stresses a secure space for team disagreements. Different perspectives prevent suffocation and encourage critical thinking and decision-making. The second way is to assign a Devil’s Advocate to counter groupthink. Team members discuss and encourage critical thinking, raising decision-making skepticism. The Devil’s Advocate promotes pluralism to avoid decision-making groupthink.

Third, promote freethinking to avoid conformity. Encourage team members to talk privately before meetings to reduce consensus pressure. This ensures several perspectives and critical thinking before deciding. To avoid teamthink, encourage criticism, a Devil’s Advocate, and independent thought. Encourage debate, appoint a critical-thinking catalyst, and encourage individual ideation to improve collaborative decision-making, variety of thought, and critical scrutiny.


The island shows that teamwork takes creativity and critical thinking. Divergent and convergent thinking tackle complex issues. Critical thinking improves team adaptation and innovation. In dynamic, synergistic teams, open communication, diversity, and collaboration stimulate innovation and critical thinking. Avoiding groupthink and logical fallacies promotes diversity and evidence-based decision-making. Together with excellent problem-solving and decision-making skills, these approaches improve teamwork and problem-solving.


Adams, K. L. (2020). Communicating in Groups: Applications and Skills (11th ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education (US). https://purdueuniversityglobal.vitalsource.com/books/9781260805000

Erceg, N., Galić, Z., & Ružojčić, M. (2020). A reflection on cognitive reflection–testing convergent/divergent validity of two measures of cognitive reflection. Judgment and Decision making15(5), 741-755.

García-Carmona, A. (2023). Scientific thinking and critical thinking in science education: Two distinct but symbiotically related intellectual processes. Science & Education, 1-19.