Specialisation: Critical Analysis

The Impact of Feminism on the Practice of Politics: A Critical Analysis

Introduction

Feminism has been an agent of change interchangeably with political ideologies as it strips off norm-accepted power patterns. In focusing on the effects of feminism politics, this essay seeks to enumerate how it interacts with conservatism among women, which was discussed in Block 3. This paper is premised on arriving at a pointed definition of ideology or, better yet, understanding the concept before diving into analysis. It implies that ideology is a system of beliefs and values that guide political behavior, decision-making, and policies. By critically analyzing the history of feminism and its relationship with conservatism, it is possible to discern the complicated nature and the questionable character of politics. Thus, with such a view, we observe how ideologies create complex images of political discourse and construct ideas concerning the norms and values that societies follow. The tension and separation between feminist values and conservative ideas highlight the contradictions in each ideology and indicate their plasticity and ravage. The goal of this analysis is to offer a more sophisticated understanding of the transformative nature that feminism possesses in shaping politics, highlighting how it undermines traditional conceptions as well as the evaluation of ongoing dialogues through politics.

Evolution of Feminism

First-wave feminism was one of the great feminist movements born at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century; it opened a new page in human history by creating an up-to-date struggle against subservience. Its core idea was obtaining legal justice, and through a vital approach, it sought to establish suffrage and fundamental civil rights for women (Andrews et al., 2022). In evaluating this wave, however t, the criticism shows both worthy achievements and constraints. The commitment of suffragists, however clear it is, is from achieving such significant achievements as the voting rights guarantee since they primarily focused on women’s interests that impacted only upper-class and white women. This limited focus left marginalized populations, especially communities of women of color, primarily excluded from the fight. While first-wave feminism only accommodated a limited segment of women, the primary shortcoming which later waves sought to eliminate is thus well highlighted.

In the 1960s and 1970s, second-wave feminism facilitated a profound transformation of feminists’ focus from private lives to issues that plagued society and defined a person as a man or woman (Andrews et al., 2022). This wave demanded to be given reproductive rights, focused on getting more equality in the workplace, and sought to fight patriarchal structures actively. Critical analysis of second-wave feminism reveals the processes and challenges that this movement faced. Though it significantly widened feminist objectives, prus, providing a more thorough examination of women’s intricacy in society, the issue is criticized for being non-intersectional sometimes.

Starting from the 1990s, third-wave feminism supported the significant shift that allowed addressing gender issues differently based on their features, such as multiplicity engendering other identity differences besides sexuality beneath underlying questions (Andrews et al., 2022). The function of this wave was pragmatic because it addressed the failures of its predecessors and wanted to abolish mythical stereotypes and the recognition of women’s multitudinous life experiences. A central characteristic of third-wave feminism is that it makes it possible to involve all women, both in groups and individuals, in activities which ought various enactments under the unveiling revolution. It also attracts criticism in terms of complexity because there may be different voices within the movement for them to find focus.

Impact of Feminism on Politics

Disclosing itself within policy-making, the ways feminism has come to mark politics are better seen. The theme of gender equity, women’s reproductive freedom, and the struggle for discrimination in the workplace environment all came from another organization called the feminist movement. For example, the drive for equal pay has led to a range of legislation beyond principle establishing who should be paid what men as compared to women. This reflects the feminist’s demands for this maternity leave system as a sign of obligation by women to their rights-granting workers. The resilience of feminist thought can still be seen today in policy formulation, which testifies to how strong it would become once injected and introduced to the political systems. All social classes could be involved through such initiatives, inspiring a sense of belonging to the nation beyond sectional interests (Andrews et al., 2022).

Politics is also affected by feminism, though in terms of political representation, it overturns former disproportions on one side by pressing them. Feminism disrupts the familiar order by challenging conventional practices that have proven insurmountable barriers to allowing women to enter political domains. For instance, Beyond the UK, neo-conservatism influenced some of the US Republican governments under George W. Bush and in some of the ideas on foreign affairs, religion, morality, and law and order (Andrews et al., 2022).

Feminist activism has been revolutionizing the way individuals relate in the public sphere as a form of changing narrative towards knowledge and consciousness on such fundamental issues as rape culture, domestic violence, and bodily autonomy. Feminists used social networking sites and local movements to push their strong voices in the public conversation among potential opinion bases and policy discussions. For instance, the #MeToo momentum has highlighted the worldwide scale of this issue that pertains to individual cases and can change social norms and practices. The intervention of feminists on the public level ensured that sensitization and work towards gender sensitivity existed.

The rise of feminism has led to ideological friction in politics, especially in conservative political matters. The confrontation of feminist ideals with conservative values has driven political conflicts, making the public sphere the battlefield of contested gender-related policies. The existence of a contested nature of political beliefs, fueled by competing feminist ideas, has led people to question their ideals. Throughout the years, public debates associated with feminism have become an intrinsic part of democratic life. Thus, it has emerged as a crucial tool for analyzing political practices and their effectiveness.

Interaction with Conservatism

The feminist vs. conservative divide has been apparent in many of the controversies regarding LGBTQ+ rights in the realm of classic gender roles. For instance, in the quest to have same-sex couples embrace the marriage norms during that push toward passing laws on marriage equality in the United States, many feminist activists advocated for their rights to marry in a way that collapsed traditional social conservative connotations about wholeness of being between male and female. This conflict outnumbered legal wrangling and public debate, representing the tremendous ideological paradox between feminist precepts of equality and conservative values based on strict family structures.

Moreover, the idea of genderless relationships arouses heated discussions. Parents urged to bring up children with no shackles of gender limits have encountered opposition on the part of conservative fugues supporting a more old-fashioned style when raising kids. This ideological tension is reflected in the debates about curriculums, toy preferences and clothing preferences of children, demonstrating contestation between feminist principles for gender-varying policies and conservatives’ intolerance of breaking away from set norms governing gender. This is because it is possible to say that the issue of abortion rights in conservative circles, as viewed from the lenses of a conservative feminist, makes a good illustration for debates over rights. Conservative women who accept different aspects of the feminist ideology, such as individual choice and control, are left torn by conservativeness when they relate to issues such as abortion. This internal conflict is evident in debates regarding reproductive rights; here, conservative feminists seek to find their way through their beliefs on gender equality and have it pass through conservatism that might conceivably deny a woman her free will. Therefore, feminism and conservatism intersected in the relationship between ideas of freedom and power; these debates were already actively weaved together with people negotiating and challenging such ideological intersections.

Conclusion

In conclusion, feminism transformed politics and still transforms them in contemporary realities, leaving some traces forever. By focusing on the modernization efforts of feminism and interactions with conservatism, we will get some ideas about the contested nature of politics. The continuous reflection of these ideological positions confirms the flexibility and dynamics that mark the practices related to what comprises political discourse, giving feminism its role in configuring the political scene like this. As people struggle with the contested nature of these spaces, notions, ideas, ideals, and claims to national identities remain pivotal in designing such an egalitarian political future.

References

Andrews, G., Czajka, A., O’Cain, A., Prokhovnik, R., & Taylor, D. (Eds.). (2022). Understanding Politics: Ideas and Institutions in the Modern World (Book 1). The Open University.

Frankenstein Critical Analysis Evaluation

A critical analysis of Walter Scott’s novel “Frankenstein” can be found in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine Review of Frankenstein. He is regarded among the most accomplished historical authors of Scotland. He has devoted a significant amount of his free time to investigating the neighbouring country since he has had a lifelong fascination with the stories that take place along the border. After graduating from high school, he attended Edinburgh University to pursue studies in both the arts and law. His first significant work, “The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border,” was published in 1802. The publishing of “The Lay of the Last Minstrel” in 1805, on the other hand, helped to boost his popularity. As a result of the book’s enormous success, Scott rose to become the most well-known novelist of his day. 1806, Scott was given the position of clerk to a court proceeding in Edinburgh.

Before providing a chronicle of the individual creation, the premise of Scott’s assessment refers to the idea that Frankenstein is either a book or a love fiction of a distinctive character that must be presented. This essay demonstrates how philosophical considerations should be given priority when including supernatural elements in literary works. In addition, it is proved that natural laws have been altered. This was done to convey better the likely impact the wonders will have on the witness (Scott, 1818).

The review’s central argument that Frankenstein is superior to other works of the supernatural is one with which I agree wholeheartedly. The author’s criticisms are particularly insightful since they point out where the rules of believability are broken in Frankenstein. Scott says that “marvellous” is the story’s focus for both the writer and the reader. This is true because it tells the story of the human victims dragged along with the equipment and identified with its marvels (Scott, 1818). Even if he draws on other works to back up his claims, the author of this criticism never loses sight of his original point. He explains that Frankenstein is shown the marvels of contemporary chemistry and philosophy and all their supporting structures. Later, he carried out these scientific endeavours to their innermost core, revealing their enigmas and secrets. In addition, they have blended unusual abilities and unparalleled achievements.

It is important to note that “Creator and Created in Frankenstein” also serves as a criticism of the book. Hetherington taught courses on the literature of the 19th and 20th centuries at London’s Birkbeck College. Her bold experimentation and unique literary style won her the support and advocacy of several feminist academics. In addition, this was complemented by well-informed journalism works on women’s liberation. Because of her use of modern anti-Semitic rhetoric at her London Jewish community conferences, she has remained divisive.

According to the article “Creator and Created in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein,” the subtitle of the book, “The Modern Prometheus,” alludes to the dual nature of the Greek tale of the Titan. This is crucial in fashioning humans out of clay and appropriating fire from the heavens. Hetherington’s thesis of the criticism is grounded on these accusations as she explains how the novel’s portrayal of Mary’s transformation affects religious inferences. Arguably, Hetherington uses rational arguments and claims to support her viewpoint.

I concur with the author’s premise, and he has done an excellent job using outside sources to back up his claims. Indeed, the Christian account of creation and fall is mirrored in Frankenstein. However, the story of Zeus and Prometheus provides an analogous pagan allusion. This is in stark contrast to the claims made by Walter Scott, who emphasized science and natural law above supernatural abilities. This is especially clear when the latter is demonstrated to have prioritized scientific materialism above the Christian belief in an eternal soul that existed before birth.

Hetherington has included other material to support his claims. To show that Mary’s tale was written as a commentary on contemporary public discourse, she cites Marilyn Butler’s 1817 text (Hetherington, 1997). Abernethy, a fictional figure, believed that the presence of a super-added element similar to electricity and connected to the soul is what makes life possible. In developing her entrance into a book, Hetherington shows how Mary uses the Prometheus story and Milton’s Paradise Lost as her fundamental mythological underpinnings. Because of this, the initial ghost tale comes across as a little mockery of Abernethy’s viewpoint and amounts to gibberish.

The author might examine the theological overtones of her denial of spiritual truth by drawing on these two narratives. After thinking things through, it becomes unclear if the concept of materialism contradicts the existence of a deity who is beyond the material world (Hetherington, 1997). To back up his allusion, Hetherington explains that materialism sees the natural world as dynamic and all-encompassing. Frankenstein’s author sought to create a new and groundbreaking story about the origin of humanity, and the various ways by which characters comply with Milton’s demonstrates this.

Conclusively, the distortions in our appearance reflect how the adjustments impacted the spiritual element of the formed “being” and its physical appearance. I agree with Hetherington that all references to the creation are framed in purely human language. In this case, it was not the all-powerful and all-loving Christian god responsible for making everything, but rather a demiurge in human form. Hetherington demonstrates, in his review, how Mary changes her previous works to separate them from Lawrence while still including an orthodox Christian worldview (Hetherington, 1997).

References

Hetherington, N. (1997). Creator and Created in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Keats-Shelley Review 11 (1997): 1-39. http://knarf.english.upenn.edu/Articles/hether.html.

Walter, S. (1818). Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine http://www.ipl.org/div/litcrit/bin/litcrit.out.pl?ti=fra-63.